Asthma, a medical condition that can occur in both children and adults
Understand that many people still suspect the condition of asthma. Especially in the issue that asthma and allergies are the same disease? The more asthma is one of the diseases that are exempt from being drafted into the military. Today we come to study it better that Who is at high risk of getting asthma? What are the symptoms of asthma? Including the treatment of asthma, which method should be used?
What is asthma?
Asthma, or allergic bronchitis (asthma), is a type of respiratory disease caused by bronchial disorders. When exposed to irritants or things that cause allergic reactions The bronchi will be narrowed. Less air will enter the lungs. Makes breathing difficult, gasping, and tired easily
And when the body reacts to the surrounding allergens Or any stimulant that causes an allergic reaction It may cause 3 of these symptoms until narrowing of the bronchial muscles.
1. Contraction of the muscles around the trachea
2. Inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the trachea.
3. A large amount of mucus in the trachea.
Causes of asthma
Asthma is a common disease in Thais approximately 10-15% of the population. The cause of the disease can be divided into 7 factors as follows.
Although asthma is not always directly hereditary. But people with breathlessness And having a family history of allergies or asthma, the chances of getting this disease are quite high.
2. Various stimuli
In particular, allergen-type stimuli such as cigarette smoke, environmental toxins, house dust, dust mites from cockroaches, pollen, mold, hair or flakes, dandruff, pet skin, certain foods, chemicals in the workplace. Or getting a cold
3. Strenuous exercise
Especially vigorous exercise in a cold and dry place.
4. Emotional changes
When crying or laughing hard Or even feeling stressed can trigger an asthma diet.
5. Air change
When the rain is nearing to rain Or during extreme cold and dry weather Can cause asthma
6. Maternal behavior during pregnancy
For pregnant women who smoke during pregnancy Has contributed to increasing the chance that the unborn child has asthma attached during delivery
7. Virus infection
Asthma can happen in people who have never had asthma and have never had a history of it. By becoming asthma after being infected with certain viruses
What are the symptoms of asthma?
There are several symptoms of asthma. Classified by the severity of symptoms. Which ranges from mild, moderate and heavy asthma symptoms, with the initial symptoms as follows
– chest tightness
– shortness of breath and difficulty
The symptoms of asthma often come and go, but in most cases the symptoms of asthma can be quite heavy in the morning, when running with intense physical activity, and at night. Or during exposure to something that is allergic or irritated
Asthma and how is it treated?
Symptoms of asthma can cause inferior quality of life in people with this disorder such as being unable to sleep normally, making it difficult to study and work hard, unable to perform daily activities. Or play sports as usual In children it may grow less than normal. Or have slow learning development
In addition, not being able to properly treat this disease May cause complications such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Or death from the brain lacking oxygen
Treatment for asthma varies for each patient. Depending on the severity of the disease, patient’s age, and asthma-associated conditions, such as allergic conditions or chronic nasopharyngitis, in general, there are four expert-accepted treatment options:
1. Pulmonary function examination is recommended. To indicate the severity of the disease And to monitor and measure treatment results
2. Drug use to reduce inflammation Or prevent inflammation of the bronchial mucosa in conjunction with drug use To loosen the muscles around the bronchi that contract
3. Control of environmental conditions, especially in patients with allergic conditions. Including specific treatment in anaphylaxis
4. You must educate patients and their families about asthma. And behaviors such as quitting smoking How to exercise And how to use the correct medication
However, the best asthma treatment should be continued as well. But for people with drug allergies Or want to look for other asthma treatment options? Herbs for asthma are also worth trying. And today we have herbs for asthma to recommend according to the information below.
Although asthma cannot be cured. But different therapies, including self-care of the patient, can help reduce the severity and frequency of symptoms. Therefore, asthma patients should remember what substances they are allergic to. In order to avoid allergic substances You should also keep in mind the asthma medication you use regularly.
In addition, those smoke. Places with a lot of dust, smoke and pollution should be avoided. Along with taking good care of your overall health Whether it is in the field of food intake, complete the nutrition group Exercise properly And do not let the chronic cold symptoms Or sinusitis More importantly, it should continue to be treated with a doctor.