What antihistamines can treat? Is it dangerous to eat often?
When allergic to air, sneezing, runny nose, dust, pollen allergy Or allergic to insect bites Until there is an itchy rash on the body Antihistamines are one of the first things that come to our mind, and many people buy antihistamines to relieve their illness. Or even when having a cold and going to the doctor Will have antihistamines and mucus-reducing drugs at the same time Causing the suspicion that How are antihistamines different from mucus relief pills? Let’s conclude, let’s get to know the antihistamines a little better.
What are antihistamines?
Antihistamines or as in English as Antihistamines Is a group of antihistamine drugs Which is a substance present in cells throughout the body When the body is stimulated by substances that cause allergies This will cause histamine to be secreted, causing abnormal symptoms in the body such as itching, rash, runny nose, trouble breathing, etc. Therefore, taking antihistamines will help relieve itching, coughing, sneezing, runny nose or difficulty breathing. Nausea and vomiting caused by allergies can be divided into two groups:
1. Antihistamines that make you sleepy Or traditional antihistamines (Conventional antihistamines)
These are traditional antihistamines such as chlorpheniramine, diphenhydramine. (diphenhydramine), dimenhydrate (dimenhydrinate), hydroxyzine (hydroxyzine), tryprolidine (triprolidine), brompheniramine. (brompheniramine), ketotifen, and oxatomide.
This group of antihistamines can be used to treat air allergy symptoms. With symptoms of rhinitis, itching, sneezing, runny nose, rash, hives, skin allergies. Itching from insect poisoning, plant poisoning, or certain chemicals. Including alleviating car sickness or seasickness
But with the drug that passes into the brain cells to depress the nerves It will make you feel drowsy when taking this type of antihistamine. And may experience restlessness, insomnia, insomnia, dry mouth, dry mouth, blurred vision, weight gain in children, the elderly or those receiving high doses of this antihistamine. Under the supervision of a doctor or pharmacist Should not be bought to eat by yourself.
In addition, there is a caution:
– Do not use drugs for a long time
– People who have to work in controlling machinery and driving should not use this type of antihistamine.
– Do not use in conjunction with sedatives, sleeping pills, alcoholic beverages.
– Use caution in young children. Especially at the age of 6, because it can cause sleep apnea.
– Pregnant women and lactating women Always consult a doctor or pharmacist before using any medication.
2. Non-sleepy antihistamines (Non-sedating antihistamines)
Classified as a new generation antihistamine. That adjust the drug to continue to work as compared to the old But the drug passes through the brain very little Therefore eating and not as drowsy as traditional antihistamines Current antihistamines are drugs cetirizine. (cetirizine), levocetirizine (levocetirizine), fexofenadine (fexofenadine) and loratadine, etc.
Overall, non-sleepy antihistamines can treat allergies similar to traditional drugs. But better relieves acute urticaria And reduce itching faster But for a runny nose, motion sickness, seasickness may not help as well as sleepy antihistamines.
However, non-drowsy antihistamines found less drowsiness, dry nose, dry mouth, blurred vision than traditional antihistamines. However, the use of non-drowsy antihistamines should be under the supervision of a doctor or pharmacist. Especially those who take other drugs, such as some disinfectants That may cause drug interactions In addition, patients with liver disease, kidney disease, abnormal heart wave patients. These antihistamines should be used with caution.
What antihistamines can treat?
We may know that antihistamines can help treat various allergies, but let’s check each other a little longer. What other symptoms can antihistamines treat?
Relieve various allergic symptoms as follows
– a rash or itchy red blister
– Red eyes, watery eyes
– runny nose
– nausea and vomiting
-Dizziness, nausea due to car sickness, seasickness
Antihistamines enhance the efficacy of the treatment of the following diseases.
– allergic rhinitis
– food allergy
– hay fever
– Allergies to the drug
– allergic to insect poison
– Bee Sting
What is the difference between antihistamines vs mucus relief pills?
Many people wonder Why is there a runny nose? Pharmacist or doctor therefore prescribes anti-allergy medication. Or in some people may be given medicine to reduce mucus That is because a person’s runny nose can be caused by air allergy, dust mites, and can also be caused by colds. Therefore need to diagnose and prescribe medication to match the symptoms of the disease Due to the mechanism of action of antihistamines And drugs to reduce mucus It is completely different.
– Antihistamines are used in case of a runny nose from allergic reactions. When exposed to substances that cause allergic reactions, the mucus becomes clear and runny, but rarely has a stuffy nose. Antihistamines work against histamine. Make the mucus drop But if there is thick mucus Your doctor will not prescribe an antihistamine. Because the more you eat, the more sticky mucus will be
-A nasal decongestant is used in cases of very stuffy nose or sneezing until the nasal mucosa is swollen. The mucus-reducing drug will reduce the swelling of the blood vessels in the nose. Reduce mucus formation Therefore help relieve stuffy nose, blocked nose, suffocation
The side effects of antihistamines often are dangerous.
Some people rely on the sedating effects of antihistamines to help them sleep. But if taking antihistamines for this purpose often, they may get used to the nervous system. Until need to increase the quantity Because eating the same amount does not help you sleepy And taking antihistamines for a long time may adversely affect the respiratory system and blood vessels. It makes breathing difficult, chest tightness, shortness of breath, palpitations, affecting the digestive system. Abdominal pain, cramping, nausea and vomiting can also be felt. Antihistamines can also affect the heart and liver if taken for a long time.
Antihistamines or any kind of medication Even though it is not very sick Not even having to go to the hospital But at least before buying drugs to eat, should consult with a pharmacist every time. Because the drug is reputed to affect the functioning of the body. And may be dangerous if used improperly.